What is Group Discussion? Types Of Group Discussion - Xsoftskills


What is Group Discussion?

Group discussion is a kind of meeting but it could not be held up for the long period. In this type of discussion, you don't have unlimited time to speak. You have to speak from point to point. In order to free oral interaction, discuss ideas, share thought, a particular group of people meets together.

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GD is conducted in various interview round and many organizations prefer to solve their problems. This is a good personality test for evaluating the candidate and this also helps to shortlist candidates during final interviews.


Types of group discussion:

There are mainly two types of group discussion:

T1. Topic-based group discussion:

This could be divided into three categories:

C1. Abstract topics:

Any random topic could be given by the interviewer on which you need to discuss. You need to explore and put your thought in a very effective manner. 

This could have many meanings, for example: if the topic is “Python” - one can start this topic "Python" as a snake and another one can start and thought this topic as a programming language. 

Therefore a clear and abstract idea is crucial for this type of GD. Each member must ensure that what is the view and perspective to be discussed.

C2. Factual topics:

This is another type of group discussion in which current affairs current,  trends plays a very important role, for example in the current situation everywhere COVID-19 is going on, so this could be one topic, on which a group of people could have to discuss to figure out the problem, issues and to resolver this problem. 

The current education system maybe another topic on which the candidate needs to participate, put the pros and cons of this topic, and make one abstract idea to conclude. 

Factual topic best group discussion generally involve any incident, issues, and policy made and discuss what are the benefits or effect could happen with all these features.

C3. Political or controversial topic:

This is very hard for those who are not interested in politics. Someone has a good idea on politics they could make good thoughts and their ideas are per the current incident, fact, and results. 

This is a little bit or kind of a debate topic but GD is not all about debate. Therefore each candidate needs to ensure that you won't have to make any kinds of debate during a GD. 

Those who are less familiar with politics can wait for the chance, on which they can speak something but don't start or initiate the topic on your own if you are not familiar and not much interested in the topic. 

But anyhow you have to make your views, your point for that you can put your thought during a group discussion.

"There was one incident in which a group of people was discussing to each other and the topic was a kind of a controversial, in which two people started debate without worrying about the interview, even the interviewer was just looking on these two people." 

This was the final interview round but the rest of the people were just listening. This is the big mistake to be controversial during a GD. 

You cannot change the thought of others during a group discussion therefore don't try to change other’s thoughts. practice how you can effectively resolve when any argument came during a group discussion, before GD.

T2. Case-Based Group Discussion:

In this type of GD, a single topic given to the team by the panel. Participants need to prepare and after complete analyze the case one needs to put the perspective and views in front of the panel. 

The panel gives 5-10 minutes for the preparation to the whole team members. Each member independent to interpret the case as their own perspective and experience. 


There are six steps to succeed in a case-based group discussion:
S1. Analyze the Situation
S2. Define the Problem
S3. Build Objectives
S4. Evaluate Alternatives
S5. Make Opinion
S6. Alternative Ideas or Solution

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